contraception,mst,prévention

Progestin-Only Injectables

Pages liées  Santé Contraception Bénins Sexualité

Forum gratuit
Sexologie/Sexualité

Forum gratuit Santé

En savoir plus: Chat en ligne
AVSC International
[ Home | About AVSC | Site index | Publications ] [ Version Française | Versión Español ]
[ Contraception || Pregnancy || Informed Choice || Infections and Diseases || Quality of Care || Emerging Issues ]

Progestin-Only Injectables
(Depo-Provera or DMPA; Noristerat or NET-EN)
Answers to Your Questions

What are injectables?
Are they effective?
How do they work?
How do I use injectables?
When may the injection be given?
When does the injectable take effect?
When to return for the next injection
Changes in menstrual periods and other side effects
Warning signs
Other instructions
What are the advantages and disadvantages of injectables?
Are injectables the right method for me?

The information provided here is meant to give you general information about progestin-only injectables and does not replace the need to talk to a heath care provider if you would like to use progestin-only injectables as a contraceptive method.


What are injectables?

Injectables are a contraceptive method delivered to the woman through an injection in her arm or buttock.

Are they effective?

Injectables are one of the most effective of contraceptive methods.

NOTE: Injectables do not provide protection against HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections. Aside from abstinence, latex condoms offer the best protection against these infections.

How do they work?

Injectables stop the egg from leaving the ovary every month. They also make it difficult for sperm to enter the womb. They do this by thickening the mucus at the entrance to the womb. The woman must get an injection every three months for Depo-Provera (every two months for Noristerat).


How do I use injectables?

As with any other method, you should talk to your doctor or a family planning counselor at a local clinic or hospital before using injectables as a contraceptive method. The following instructions are provided to help you decide whether injectables may be right for you.

When may the injection be given?

  • The injection may be given within the first seven days of your period, or at any time you and your health care provider believe you are not pregnant.
  • If you have just delivered a baby and you are breastfeeding, the first injection may be given six weeks after delivery. Injectables are safe for breastfeeding mothers and their babies.
  • If you have just delivered a baby and you are not breastfeeding, you may get the first injection immediately after delivery, or at any time you and your health care provider believe you are not pregnant.
  • If you have just had an abortion, the first injection may be given on the same day as the abortion, or at any time you and your health care provider believe you are not pregnant.

When does the injectable take effect?

To be sure the injectable is working, wait to have sexual intercourse, or use another contraceptive method, such as condoms or spermicide, for at least 24 hours after the injection.

When to return for the next injection

  • For women using Depo-Provera (DMPA): Return in 12 weeks for the next injection.
  • For women using Noristerat (NET-EN): Return in eight weeks for the next injection.
  • You can arrive up to two weeks early or two weeks late for your next injection and not have to use another form of contraception.

Changes in menstrual periods and other side effects

  • Most women who use injectables have changes in their menstrual periods. You may have some spotting or bleeding between your periods. This light bleeding is not your menstrual period.
  • Your periods may be longer or heavier than they have been in the past. If you use the injectable for over 9-12 months, you may stop having periods, even though you are not pregnant. These changes are not harmful to your health.
  • Your weight may increase slightly, or you may have headaches.
  • If you have any of these side effects and they bother you, return to the health facility.
  • Most side effects go away within the first few injections.

Warning signs

Come back to the health facility or go to a hospital at once if you have either of the warning signs listed below. Be sure to tell the health care provider that you are using the injectable for contraception.

  • Bleeding from your vagina that is heavier and lasts longer than a normal period
  • Severe pain in your belly

Other instructions

Return to the health facility if:

  • You are not happy with the method.
  • You have regular monthly periods for a while and then skip one or more periods, and you think you are pregnant.
  • You gain a lot of unwanted weight.
  • You want information about, or want to start using, another family planning method.
  • You think there is any chance you may have been exposed to HIV infection or any other STI.
  • You want to get pregnant after stopping the injections. This may take 6-12 months or longer.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of injectables?

Advantages:

  • Injectables are not linked to sexual intercourse.
  • Injectables can be used without the knowledge of others (permitting privacy and confidentiality).
  • With injectables, you do not have to remember to do something every day.

Disadvantages:

  • Injectables do not provide protection against HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections.
  • Injectables cause changes in the menstrual cycle, such as spotting, irregular bleeding, or heavier bleeding. After two or three injections, many women stop having periods.
  • Injectables cause some women to gain weight or have headaches.
  • A woman using injectables may not be able to become pregnant for 6-12 months after she stops having the injections.

Are injectables the right method for me?

There are a number of factors that you should consider before deciding whether injectables are right for you. These questions can help you determine whether injectables might be an effective contraceptive method for you.


[ Contraception || Pregnancy || Informed Choice || Infections and Diseases || Quality of Care || Emerging Issues ]
[ Home | About AVSC | Site index | Publications ] [ Version Française | Versión Español ]


©2000 AVSC International. Please complete our survey or send questions/comments to: info@avsc.org.

Accueil | Conditions générales | FAQ | Contact | Créé par CAPIT
 Accueil
 Mon Menu Perso
 Rencontre
 Messagerie
 Chat
 Espace membre
 Expressions
 Forum
 Santé
 Mutuelles
 Contraception
 Bénins
 Grossesse
 IVG
 Stérilité
 MST
 Sida
 IAG
 Adresses
 Liens
 Sélection livres
 Forum santé
 Sexualité
 Mariage
 Astrologie
 Jeux
 Voyager
 Humour
 Editorial
7 connectés au chat
20 connectés au total
Consulter l'annonce
ajouter aux favoris Progestin-Only Injectables