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Permanent Birth Control for Men

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Vasectomy:
Permanent Birth Control For Men

What is vasectomy?
Why would a man choose permanent birth control?
Where can I get a vasectomy?
When can I get a vasectomy?
What can I do to prevent pregnancy until I get a vasectomy?
Things you should know about vasectomy
How is the vasectomy done?
After the vasectomy
Is vasectomy the right method for me?

What is vasectomy?

Vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control.

It is a simple operation in which the doctor ties or seals the tubes in the scrotum that carry sperm to the penis. Vasectomy lets a man enjoy sex without causing a pregnancy.

Vasectomy takes about 30 minutes in a clinic or doctor's office. When the tubes are tied or sealed, sperm cells cannot get into the male fluid (semen).

Why would a man choose permanent birth control?

  • He has all the children he wants to have.
  • He wants to enjoy sex without fear
    of pregnancy.
  • He and his partner do not want to
    use other methods of birth control.
  • Vasectomy is easier and costs less than permanent birth control for the woman.
  • Pregnancy may carry a high risk for a mother or baby due to health problems.
  • He cares about his family.

Where can I get a vasectomy?

Go to a family planning clinic, a public health department, or a private doctor who does vasectomy operations.

If you do not have money, ask about loans or other financial help for vasectomies.

When can I get a vasectomy?

You can get a vasectomy when you have had all the children you ever want to have.

The vasectomy should be scheduled at a time when you will have a day or
two for rest.

What can I do to prevent pregnancy until I get a vasectomy?

  1. Use a condom. Use it right. Use it every time.
  2. Ask your partner to use birth control foam when you use the condom.
  3. Talk with your partner about other methods like:
  • birth control pills
  • the IUD
  • the diaphragm
  • the injectable
  • Norplant implants

Things you should know about vasectomy

Birth control is a basic human right. You have a right to know how to plan and space children. You have a right to prevent unwanted births.

You are free to choose the method of birth control that is best for you at each stage of your life.

Ask your doctor for complete information before you sign papers for a vasectomy.

Vasectomy is easy and inexpensive. It does not change your sex life or make a man less a man.

Since 1970, vasectomy has become very popular throughout the world. Every year about a half million men have vasectomies in the United States.

Vasectomy does not protect a man from sexually transmitted infections, including AIDS. A man who is at risk for these diseases should use a condom every time he has sex, even after vasectomy.

How is the vasectomy done?

  1. The doctor locates the tube in the scrotum (sac).
  2. The doctor injects a drug to prevent pain.
  3. When the area is numb, the doctor makes one tiny puncture and can reach both tubes through this opening. This is called the no-scalpel technique. The no-scalpel technique reduces the risk of bleeding and infection. Or the doctor makes a small cut and reaches the tubes through the opening. (Some doctors make two cuts, one on each side of the sac.)
  4. The doctor cuts each tube, then seals or ties the cut ends of each tube.
  5. The small cut in the skin of the scrotum may be closed with a little stitch. For no-scalpel vasectomy, no stitches are needed.

After the vasectomy

  1. Rest a day or two.
  2. Use an ice bag to prevent swelling.
  3. You may take non-aspirin pain reliever.
  4. Use an athletic supporter.
  5. Don't do heavy work for several days.
  6. You can have sex whenever you're comfortable, or wait 7 days (depending on the advice of your doctor.)
  7. Use another method of birth control until the doctor says all the sperm are out of the fluid (may be 4 to 8 weeks or 20 to 30 ejaculations).
  8. The doctor will tell you how and when to bring a sample of your semen (male fluid) to be checked.
Remember: You can cause a pregnancy until ALL sperm are out of the semen.

Remember: Vasectomy does not protect you from sexually transmitted infections, including AIDS. If you are at risk of these infections, use a condom every time you have sex, even after vasectomy.

Is vasectomy the right method for me?

There are a number of factors you should consider before deciding whether vasectomy is the right method for you. These questions can help you determine whether vasectomy might be an effective method for you.


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