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Common Symptoms of STIs and Other RTIs

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Common Symptoms of STIs and Other RTIs

A Guide to Common Symptoms

This table lists some of the most common symptoms of RTIs, together with possible causes. You can find additional information by clicking on any of the RTIs listed below. There are other infections or conditions that may be responsible for the symptoms listed, so if you are experiencing some of these symptoms it does not necessarily mean that you have a reproductive tract infection (RTI).

It is important to remember that many women and men who have an RTI, especially one that is transmitted by sexual contact, often do not experience any symptoms at all.

RTIs may lead to serious complications--especially in women--if they are left untreated. In addition, RTIs increase the risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed below or believe you have an RTI, you should talk to a health care worker as soon as possible.

Symptom Possible Causes
Unusual vaginal discharge* Bacterial vaginosis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, PID, trichomoniasis, yeast infection
Penile discharge Chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis
Abnormal and/or heavy vaginal bleeding Chlamydia, gonorrhea, PID
Bleeding after intercourse Chlamydia, gonorrhea, PID
Burning or pain during urination Chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, trichomoniasis
Pelvic pain (pain below the belly button) Chlamydia, gonorrhea, PID
Swollen and/or painful testicles Chlamydia, gonorrhea
Itching or tingling in the genital area Bacterial vaginosis, herpes, trichomoniasis, yeast infection
Blisters or sores on the genitals, anus, or surrounding areas Herpes, syphilis
Warts or bumps on the genitals, anus, or surrounding areas Human papillomavirus
Persistent vaginal yeast infections HIV infection/AIDS
Yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice) Hepatitis B, hepatitis C

*Although women may normally have some vaginal discharge, an RTI can lead to changes in normal vaginal discharge (such as changes in color, consistency, amount, and odor) in addition to vaginal itching, burning, or pain.



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