What is gender?

Pages liées  Santé Contraception Bénins Sexualité

Forum gratuit

Forum gratuit Santé

En savoir plus: Chat en ligne
AVSC International
[ Home | About AVSC | Site index | Publications ]
[ || Pregnancy || Informed Choice || Infections and Diseases || Quality of Care || Emerging Issues ]

What is gender?

The concept of "gender" has not been well defined and is not well understood. The definition of gender has even been the subject of exhaustive debate, including at a special United Nations session in connection with the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing.

Gender is often confused with sex. However, sex generally refers to biology and anatomy. People are said to be of the male sex or the female sex, as determined by three sets of characteristics: external sex organs, internal sex organs, and secondary sexual development at puberty. The word sex is also used to mean sexual intercourse or activity.

By contrast, gender refers to a set of qualities and behaviors expected from a female or male by society. Gender roles are learned and can be affected by factors such as education or economics. They vary widely within and among cultures. While an individual's sex does not change, gender roles are socially determined and can evolve over time.

Gender roles and expectations are often identified as factors hindering the equal rights and status of women with adverse consequences that affect life, family, socioeconomic status, and health. For this reason, gender, like sexuality, is an important element of family planning and reproductive health services.

[ || Pregnancy || Informed Choice || Infections and Diseases || Quality of Care || Emerging Issues ]
[ Home | About AVSC | Site index | Publications ]

©2000 AVSC International. Please complete our survey or send questions/comments to:

Accueil | Conditions générales | FAQ | Contact | Créé par CAPIT
 Mon Menu Perso
 Espace membre
 Sélection livres
 Forum santé
3 connectés au chat
28 connectés au total
Consulter l'annonce
ajouter aux favoris What is gender?